When it comes to the world of business churn’s one of those spine-shuddering words. No-one wants it but most of us get it - even if only 1% (if you’re very lucky!). Every hundredth counts though and for some, that 1% can amount to millions.
Let’s start by hammering some stats out. Did you know:
- Avoidable churn costs US businesses a whopping $136 billion a year?
- Two-thirds of consumers leave companies because of poor customer service?
- Customer churn can drop by 67% if you resolve issues in the first interaction?
- Just one in 26 people complain when they’re unhappy (the rest silently churn)?
- 58% of consumers said they’d never return to a company if they have a negative reaction?
- Around 12% of credit cards will fail?
- 85% of customers don’t respond to those ‘remember to update your card details’ emails?
How much is too much?
While we’d like to say one churn is too many, we’re realists. Generally speaking, the common consensus is around 5% is the benchmark for SaaS companies. That said, the bigger the businesses you target the lower your churn needs to be because you’ve got less market to go at.
Outside of SaaS, here’s a guideline based on industry medians:
The formula’s simple:
# of customers lost in a period / # of customers at the beginning of the period
However, what isn’t always so simple is working out what churn means to your business (well, unless you’re subscription-based, then it’s pretty easy).
Although traditionally reserved for businesses who rely on recurring revenue, churn’s beginning to be adopted by more and more e-commerce companies and they have a trickier but by no means impossible task.
Here are a few examples of how it could be calculated in commerce...
1. If you’re an online store and know most of your customers make a repeat sale within 90 days of their first, any customer who doesn’t make another purchase in that period could be considered churn.
2. If someone signs up to your store but doesn’t buy anything in the first 24, 48, 72, etc. hours (whatever’s typical of your market).
3. Or, if you sell something that’s designed to last for a specific period of time - two weeks’ worth of protein powder or teeth whitening strips, for example - anyone who doesn’t repurchase around the time they’re expected to run out (give or take) could fall into the churn bracket too.
Now, on to what you came for...
Lay the foundation first
First things first, when people leave make sure you ask them why by sending out a simple survey or making a quick call. This kind of intel will make all the following ideas we’re about to explain all that easier because you’ll know which past customers want what.
For example, if you know 40% of your churned base left because they became frustrated with the fact you didn’t have a mobile app, once you’ve got one, with a campaign built specifically for churned users and about your new offering, there’s a good chance they might come back.
Similarly, if 25% turned their back on you because of your previous response times on tickets, if that’s now improved, you could create a campaign to demonstrate just that and lure them back in.
Don’t try and bundle everyone into the same bracket. Segmentation first, activation tactics second. And if you don’t already collect this kind of data, now’s the time to start.
They say prevention is better than cure, right? Easier said than done, we know, but by keeping on top of users’ behaviour you can put pre-churn tactics in place.
For example, let’s say you’re a content collaboration tool. Since they took out your services, customer A had been using your app daily. Then, they drop to weekly and eventually only a couple of times a month. What’s the reason behind the drop in usage? Is there a bug? Can they not find a way to make it suit their current circumstances?
Either way, a quick call or email could help you get to the bottom of it, bring a solution to the table and reform them back into a daily user.
“When you identify previously active customers who are slipping, a well-timed personal email can help to re-engage them. The best case is that you recover a customer; the worst case is often that you learn why your users leave. Either leaves you in a better position than doing nothing.”
- Des Traynor, Co-Founder of Intercom
Going beyond a standalone call or email, here are a few strategies you could employ:
- Create and send out educational content - i.e. ‘how to do X’, ‘how to get the most out of feature Y’, ‘how to save time doing Z’.
- For commerce customers who sign up but don’t purchase, revisit your onboarding strategy and see if there are any gaps to make your current content more useful and action-lead. A basic sequence could look like this:
24hours: Hey, do you need any help?
48 hours: We noticed you liked product B, here’s why others love it too.
72 hours: C’mon, you know you want to - here’s 10% off!
- For SaaS customers, think about going beyond the basics and pulling together a bespoke demo or tutorial focusing specifically on how to maximise the software - these might be the areas users aren’t seeing value in.
And even if they do leave, by acting on their departure pronto (reason dependent, of course), you’ve got more chance of luring them back in before they potentially take out and get comfy with someone else’s product.
Send out a targeted email campaign
Campaign #1 - new products or features
As we touched on a little earlier, in an ideal world, alongside your churned users you’ll have a reason behind why they left and for a highly specific email campaign, you can match those explanations to new launches. For example, if customer B left because your content collaboration tool didn’t let them annotate videos in-app, introducing and announcing that feature could be the only nudge they need to re-convert.
If you don’t already have these details or your new launch doesn’t directly resonate with the reason you’ve got, it might still be worth including select churned users in the release - you never know, it might be a game-changing revelation nonetheless.
Remember: don’t bombard ex-customers with emails about every little feature update week in, week out, in a bid to get them back on board. This’ll probably ruffle them up the wrong way and send them to that dreaded unsubscribe button.
Also, don’t forget to differentiate the wording of your campaign from what goes out to current customers. We’ve said it once and we’ll say it again, blanket approaches aren’t effective, people want to know you’ve done your research and know their circumstances.
Campaign #2 - offer something awesome
Just because they’re not paying for your services anymore it doesn’t mean you can’t still support them. This’ll:
- Keep you on their radar,
- Show off your expertise, and
- Demonstrate you still care about them.
With this type of tactic, think bigger than your standard 500-word blog post. Articles are great, but you want something that’s going to leave them thinking “why did I ever leave this company?!” and something rich, in-depth and unique is going to help you do that. A couple of ideas to get you started include a:
- eBook, or
Try to be strategic by tying the topic into why the segment left, too.
Campaign #3 - your monthly newsletter
Admittedly, this one will be a little tricky if they’re not already subscribed - after all, not many people leave a company and then sign up to their newsletter, but that doesn’t mean you can’t try.
Anyway, if they already are or you manage to get churned users on your email list, use this as another opportunity to keep yourself front of mind and provide valuable content. If you segment your newsletter database you could even offer a little incentive to give them a prod...which sets us up nicely for our next ideas.
Offer an incentive
Incentive #1 - deliver a bespoke demo
Sometimes people need to see before they believe and a free, live demo of how you’ve resolved the reason behind a user’s departure will go a long way in doing that. For this one to work though, you need to go in with a very targeted and customisable mindset.
Sticking with the video annotation analogy we already gave, an email like would do the job:
We were really sorry to see you leave us X months ago and we just wanted to let you know we now offer what we were then missing.
Videos can easily be added and annotated on any device, all without any extra cost, and you can see other people’s actions in real-time. We’d love to show you how this all works in practice and would like to invite you to a free, one-to-one demo.
If you’re interested, you can book a time and date that suits you here.
Let me know if you have any questions and hopefully, we’ll hear from you soon!
And then repeat that process for each of the different causes for churn.
Incentive #2 - give a discount
Whether it’s a one-time sign-up discount or a percentage off their monthly subscription, money off is one sure-fire way to get people’s attention. Just make sure to do the maths so you don’t end up losing money - after all, no-one really wants customers who cost them more than they make.
Incentive #3 - offer them a freebie
We mentioned demos being a great way to show people how you’ve changed, well, giving them a freebie (i.e. one month’s use at no cost) goes one up on that. If you’ve delivered what you’ve promised and they see and experience those improvements first-hand, your chances of getting back in churned users’ good books will undoubtedly shoot right up.
Just be straight
If we’re being honest, this one doesn’t need to be targeted or particularly strategic, but just telling people you miss them and want them back can be effective in itself.
Expand your net
If you only focus on email you risk a) losing people to spam filters, and b) limiting your opportunities, and by this we mean you can obviously only email people so often - do it too much and you pee them off, do it not enough and they might not reconvert.
So, leverage other channels - social, mobile, targeted display ads, snail mail and over the phone - and approach reactivating churned users the same way you would a brand new customer.
The channels you choose might also make up part of your segmentation process. For example, if you have info on people’s preferred communication medium you could segment your base by reason for departure + chosen contact method.
And remember, customisation is key. Yes, you might be targeting churned users the same way as fresh prospects in the sense of marketing tactics, but the wording needs to be different.
For example, let’s say you set up a Google AdWords account, add remarketing tracking to your website and start displaying ads on the sites previous customers visit. Instead of showing them something generic like:
“We’re offering a 10% discount if you sign-up before midnight.”
“Come back and we’ll give you a 10% discount if you sign-up before midnight.”
Measuring your success
One way to measure how effective your efforts are is by creating control groups and analysing the difference in terms of reconversion rates - i.e. send 10% of your segment nothing and the rest your planned activation tactics.
Remember to factor in the different reasons for churn as some causes will be inherently more difficult to reconvert than others and this could skew your numbers. For example, someone who stopped using your service because their business’ budget got sliced in half is less likely to sign the dotted line again than someone who left due to a lack of feature (that you now have).
For this reason, it’s probably best to segment your groups by related reasons for churn. That way, you’ll get a more accurate reflection of your reactivation activities without other factors getting in the way.